Design Paradoxes


Rodgers, Inella and Bremner (2017) discuss seven paradoxes of design practice, which they characterise as follows:

Steven Vial points to the following paradoxical injunctions to which designers are called upon to respond and resolve:


Rodgers, P. A., Innella, G. and Bremner, C. (2017) ‘Paradoxes in design thinking’, The Design Journal, 20(sup1), pp. S4444–S4458. doi: 10.1080/14606925.2017.1352941.

Vial, S. (2013) ‘Designers and paradoxical injunctions’, in IASDR 2013: 5th International Congress of the International Association of Societies of Design Research (August 2013, Tokyo Japan). Available at: (Accessed: 15 July 2018).