RELATED TERMS: Installation; Happenings

Environments are mixed-media constructions or assemblages usually designed for a specific place and for a temporary period of time. It is an alternative term for installation art. The term was first used by artist Allan Kaprow in 1958 to describe his own large-scale artworks which transformed interior spaces.


Kaprow, A. (2014) ‘Assemblages, environments and happenings’, in Brayshaw, T. and Witts, N. (eds) The Twentieth-Century Performance Reader. 3rd ed. London, UK: Routledge, pp. 277–287.